Charter of Rights

  1. Human life is sacred, and no one shall be deprived of life.

 

  1. Human freedom is the goal of this charter. There shall be no discrimination in freedoms and rights on the basis of color, sex, language, religion, sect, opinion, ethnicity, social affiliation, regional affiliation, wealth, or any other basis.

 

  1. No one shall be subjected to torture or cruel or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

 

  1. Everyone is equal before the law and everyone is entitled without discrimination to equal protection of the law.

 

  1. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest or detention or exile.

 

  1. Anyone accused of a crime shall be considered innocent until it has been proven legally that said person committed said crime at a public trial during which said person shall have all guarantees necessary for his/her defense.

 

  1. No one shall be convicted of a crime for committing or abstaining from any acts which did not constitute a crime under the law at the time, nor shall he/she be subjected to any punishment more severe than that which was in force at the time the criminal act was committed.

 

  1. Everyone shall have the right to respect for their privacy, their family life, home and correspondence, and this privacy may not be violated.

 

  1. No one may enter the residence of anyone else without a court order and they may only do so exclusively to prevent a criminal act punishable by law.

 

  1. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and the right to choose their place of residence within state borders.

 

  1. Everyone has the right to leave and to return to Syria.

 

  1. Everyone has the right to seek and enjoy asylum from persecution in other countries, unless said persecution is the result of non-political crimes or acts contrary to this Charter.

 

  1. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his/her nationality nor denied the right to change nationality, or the right to acquire another nationality. Anyone who has been arbitrarily deprived of their nationality has the right to have it restored.

 

  1. Families are the natural and fundamental units of society. Families shall have the right to enjoy the protection of both society and the state.

 

  1. Everyone reaching the age of 18, and who enjoys full legal capacity, and physical and mental health, shall have the right to get married without restrictions or conditions, regardless of race or religion. Parties to a marriage have equal rights upon marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution, and marriage can only be concluded with the full consent of both parties to be married and without coercion.

 

  1. Everyone has the right to sole or joint property ownership. No one may be arbitrarily deprived of their property.

 

  1. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion. This right includes the freedom to change religion or belief, and the freedom to worship, practice rituals and teachings, whether alone or within a community, both in public and in private.

 

  1. Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression. This right includes freedom to hold beliefs without hinderance, and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

 

  1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

 

  1. Everyone has the right to take part in government life in his/her country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. This shall be manifested through periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

 

  1. Everyone has the right to form and join trade unions and federations in order to protect his/her interests.

 

  1. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

 

  1. Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. Education shall be directed to the full development of human character, strengthening respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and promoting understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups.

 

  1. Everyone has the right to freely participate in the cultural life of the community, including using their mother tongue, and the right to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits, and everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

 

  1. In exercising their rights and freedoms, no one shall be subjected to any restrictions except as determined by law and solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.